Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox.
U.S. monkeypox cases have been very rare. Monkeypox does not occur naturally in the United States, but cases have happened that were associated with international travel or importing animals from areas where the disease is more common.
Historical research shows Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when two outbreaks of a pox-like disease occurred in colonies of monkeys kept for research. Despite being named “monkeypox”, the source of the disease remains unknown. However, African rodents and non-human primates (like monkeys) may harbor the virus and infect people.
The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970.Since then, monkeypox has been reported in people in several other central and western African countries.
In 2003 records show the United States had the worst cases in numbers of monkeypox human infections (I’ll get to this history section as I continue forward).
However currently a lot of dialogue in the United States in recent days is based on theories, research in small fractions of humans; monitoring human cases in the United States. The CDC has become subjective to LGBTQ community.
In recent days the CDC has passed down dialogue to individual States. Theories in smallpox have become opinionated to stir Mass Hysteria in media attention in the United State; preying once again on the LGBTQ Community. The CDC pulls data from other sources including the “WHO”. Let’s not forget ‘WHO’ funding from global sources including the United States. Let’s not forget to this day even the Plague exists in the United States. Mass Hysteria through media interaction is more contagious than monkeypox because oftentimes people fear what they do not understand. It has been mentioned in scientific data research that Monkeypox is far less contagious than Covid-19.
In 2003 Outbreak was discovered from Imported Mammals. Forty-seven confirmed and probable cases of monkeypox were reported from six states—Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin. All people infected with monkeypox in this outbreak became ill after having contact with pet prairie dogs. The pets were infected after being housed near imported small mammals from Ghana. This was the first time that human monkeypox was reported outside of Africa.
What caused the 2003 U.S. outbreak?
Investigators determined that a shipment of animals from Ghana, imported to Texas in April 2003, introduced monkeypox virus into the United States. The shipment contained approximately 800 small mammals representing nine different species, including six types of rodents. These rodents included rope squirrels, tree squirrels, African giant pouched rats, brush-tailed porcupines, dormice, and striped mice. CDC laboratory testing showed that two African giant pouched rats, nine dormice, and three rope squirrels were infected with monkeypox virus. After importation into the United States, some of the infected animals were housed near prairie dogs at the facilities of an Illinois animal vendor. These prairie dogs were sold as pets before they developed signs of infection.
All people infected with monkeypox became ill after having contact with infected pet prairie dogs. A study conducted after the outbreak suggested that certain activities associated with animals were more likely to lead to monkeypox infection. These activities included touching a sick animal or receiving a bite or scratch that broke the skin. Another important factor was cleaning the cage or touching the bedding of a sick animal. No instances of monkeypox infection were attributed exclusively to person-to-person contact
Are members of the LGBTQ community more likely to contract monkeypox?
United Nations Seeks to inform Americans about falsely associating those within the LGTBQ community with the monkey virus. Stated clearly that Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted disease but rather another form of smallpox. Quoted in research in close similar circumstances, monkeypox, smallpox, chickenpox and measles are not sexual transmitted diseases.
As one mentioned in science was to use scabies as an example. Just as it takes close contact to get scabies, it is based on the amount of time spent in a person’s domicile, home, intimacy and to rub faces with other humans to become reactive.
Some recent context passed through and delived by WHO and CDC; monkeypox cases have been identified in homosexual and bisexual men, public health experts are concerned about discriminatory language that falsely associates those within the LGTBQ community with the virus while the cause of the outbreak has yet to be determined.
United Nations health officials expressed concern over the homophobic and racist stereotypes being promoted by media outlets reporting on the virus and reiterated that anyone can become infected.
Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted disease, but it can spread through intimate contact during sex when someone has an active rash, the CDC explained.
“Stigma and blame undermine trust and capacity to respond effectively during outbreaks like this one,” UNAIDS Deputy Executive Director Matthew Kavanagh said in a press release. “Experience shows that stigmatizing rhetoric can quickly disable evidence-based response by stoking cycles of fear, driving people away from health services, impeding efforts to identify cases, and encouraging ineffective, punitive measures.”
How was the 2003 outbreak contained?
CDC and the public health departments in the affected states, together with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, and other agencies, participated in a variety of activities that prevented further spread of monkeypox. This included extensive laboratory testing; deployment of smallpox vaccine and treatments; development of guidance for patients, healthcare providers, veterinarians, and other animal handlers; tracking potentially infected animals; and investigation into possible human cases. Partners in the response issued an immediate embargo and prohibition on the importation, interstate transportation, sale, and release into the environment of certain species of rodents including prairie dogs. FDA later rescinded the part of the order that restricted the capture, sale, and interstate movement of prairie dogs or domestically-bred African rodents. However African rodents are still restricted in the United States.